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The Poets (Ash-Shuarâ)

In the name of Allah, Gracious, Merciful.

1T. S. M.

2These are verses of the book that makes clear.1

3It may be you frets your soul with grief that they do not become believers.

4If such were Our will We could send down to them from the sky a sign to which they would bend their necks in humility.

5And there comes not to them a newly revealed message from the most gracious but they turn away therefrom.

6They have indeed rejected the Message: so they will know soon the truth of what they mocked at!

Bismillahi Rahmani Rahim

1Tua Saa Maa

2Tilka ayatul kitabil mubin

3Laal laka bakhiun nafsaka al la yakunu muminin

4Innasya nunaz zil alaihim minas samai ayatan fazal lat anaquhum laha hadiin

5Wa ma yatihim min zikrim minar rahmani muhdasin il la kanu anhu muridin

6Faqad kaz zabu fasayatihim ambau ma kanu bihi yastahzi un

1. The untruthfulness of such statement has already been established.

[Commentary continues below.]

7Do they not look at the earth how many noble things of all kinds we have produced therein?2

8Verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

9And verily, your Lord is He the exalted in might, most merciful.

10And behold your Lord called Moses: “Go to the people of iniquity

11“The people of Pharaoh: will they not fear Allah?”

12He said: “O my Lord! I do fear that they will charge me with falsehood:

13“My breast will be straitened and my speech may not go smoothly: so send unto Aaron.3

14“And they have a charge of crime against me; and I fear they may slay me.”

15Allah said: “By no means! proceed then both of you with Our signs; We are with you and will listen.

7Awa lam yarau ilal ardi kam ambatna fiha min kul li zaujin karim

8Inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

9Wa inna rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

10Wa iz nada rabbuka Musa anitil qaumaz zalimin

11Qauma Firaun ala yattaqun

12Qala rabbi in ni akhafu ayyukaz zibun

13Wa yadiqu sadri wa la yantaliqu lisani fa arsil ila Harun

14Wa lahum alay ya zambun fa akhafu ay yaqtulun

15Qala kalla faz haba bi ayatina inna maakum mustamiun

2. This is more like saying that the natural creation are a sign of the greatness of God.

3. For more on the birth and calling of Moses, please visit the end of chapter 20.

[Commentary continues below.]

16“So go forth both of you to Pharaoh and say: `We have been sent by the Lord of the Worlds;

17“`Send with us the Children of Israel.’

18He said: “Did we not cherish you as a child among us and did you not stay in our midst many years of your life?

19“And you did a deed of which you know you did and you are an ungrateful wretch!”

20He said: “I did it then when I was in error.

21“So I fled from you when I feared you; but my Lord has invested me with judgment and appointed me as one of the apostles.

22“And this is the favor with which you reproach me that you have enslaved the Children of Israel”

23Pharaoh said: “And what is the `Lord of the worlds?’

16Fatiya Firauna faqula in na rasulu rabbil alamin

17An arsil maana bani Israil

18Qala alam nurab bika fina walidaw wa labista fina min umurika sinin

19Wa faalta falatakal lati faalta wa anta minal kafirin

20Qala faaltuha izaw wa ama minad dal lin

21Fafarartu minkum lam ma hiftukum fawahaba li rabbi hukmaw wa jaalani minal mursalin

22Wa tilka nimatun tamun nuha alayya an abbat ta bani Israil

23Qala Firaunu wa ma rabbul alamin

[Commentary continues below.]

24He said: “The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all between if you want to be quite sure.”

25He said to those around: “Do you not listen to what he says?”

26He said: “Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers from the beginning!”

27He said: “Truly, your apostle who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!”

28(Moses) said: “Lord of the East and the West and all between! If you only had sense!”

29He said: “If you put forward any god other than me I will certainly put you in prison!”

30He said: “Even if I showed you something clear and convincing?”

31He said: “Show it then if you tell the truth!”

32So he threw his rod and behold it was a serpent plain for all to see!

24Qala rabbus samawati wal ardi wa ma bainahuma in kuntum muqinin

25Qala liman haulahu ala tastamiun

26Qala rabbukum wa rabbu abai kumul aw walin

27Qala inna rasulakumul lazi ursila ilaikum lamajnun

28Qala rabbul masriqi wal magribi wa ma bainahuma in kuntum ta qilun

29Qala la init tahazta ilahan gairi la ajalan naka minal masjunin

30Qala awalau jituka bisai im mubin

31Qala fati bihi in kunta minas sadiqin

32Fa alqa asahu fa iza hiya subanum mubin

[Commentary continues below.]

33And he drew out his hand and behold it was white to all beholders!

34He said to the chiefs around him: “This is indeed a sorcerer well versed:

35“His plan is to get you out of your land by his sorcery; then what is it you counsel?”

36They said: “Keep him and his brother in suspense and dispatch to the cities heralds to collect.

37“And bring up to you all our sorcerers well versed.”

38So the sorcerers were got together for the appointment of a day well known

39And the people were told: “Are you assembled?

40“That we may follow the sorcerers if they win?”

33Wa nazaa yadahu fa iza hiya baidau lin nazirin

34Qala lilmalai haulahu in na haza lasahirun alim

35Yuridu ay yuhrijakum min ardikum bisihrih famaza tamurun

36Qalu arjih wa ahahu wab as fil mada ini hasirin

37Yatuka bikul li sah barin alim

38Fajumi as saharatu limiqati yaumim malum

39Wa qila lin nasi hal antum mujtamiun

40Laal lana natabiu saharata inkanu humul galibin

[Commentary continues below.]

41So when the sorcerers arrived they said to Pharaoh: “Of course shall we have a reward if we win?”

42He said: “Yea, and more for you shall in that case be raised to posts nearest.”

43Moses said to them: “Throw you that which you are about to throw!”

44So they threw their ropes and their rods and said: “By the might of Pharaoh it is we who will certainly win!”

45Then Moses threw his rod when behold, it straightway swallows up all the falsehoods which they fake!

46Then did the sorcerers fall down prostrate in adoration.

47Saying: “We believe in the Lord of the worlds.

48“The Lord of Moses and Aaron.”

41Falam ma ja as saharatu qalu liFirauna a inna lana la ajran inkunna nahnul galibin

42Qala naam wa innakum izallaminal muqar rabin

43Qala lahum Musa alqu ma antum mulqun

44Fa alqau hibalahum wa ishiy yahum wa qalu biiz zati Firauna inna lanahnul galibun

45Fa alqa Musa asahu fa iza hiya talqafu ma yafikun

46Fa ulqiyas saharatu sajidin

47Qalu aman na birab bil alamin

48Rabbi Musa wa Harun

[Commentary continues below.]

49Said Pharaoh: “believe in him before I give you permission? Surely he is your leader who has taught you sorcery! But soon shall you know! “But sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides and I will cause you all to die on the cross!”

50They said: “No matter! for us we shall but return to our Lord!

51“Only our desire is that our Lord will forgive us our faults that we may become foremost among the believers!”4

52And by inspiration We told Moses: “Travel by night with My servants; for surely you shall be pursued.”

53Then Pharaoh sent heralds to all the cities.

54Saying: “These are but a small band.

55“And they are raging furiously against us;

56“But we are a multitude amply fore warned.”

49Qala amantum lahu qabla an azana lakum in nahu lakabirukumul lazi al lamakumus sihr falasaufa talamun la uqat ti an na aidiyakum wa arjulakum min hilaliw wa la usal liban nakum ajmain

50Qalu la daira inna ila rabbina munqalibun

51Inna natmau ay yagfira lana rabbuna hatayana ankunna awwalal muminin

52Wa auhaina ila Musa an asri bi ibadi innakum mut tabaun

53Fa arsala firaunu fil mada ini hasirin

54Inna ha ulai lasyirzimatun qalilun

55Wa innahum lana laga izun

56Wa inna lajamiun hazirun

4. The sorcerers of Pharaoh continued to challenge God up to when all the first born males in Egypt died. After this they had a temporal change of heart, out of frustration, to let the Israelites go. As soon as they were gone, Pharaoh and his men decided against their departure and took to pursuing the Jews when they were drowned in the Red Sea (Exodus 13:15‑17, 14:9‑30). The sorcerers rejected and their counsel led to the destruction of the Egyptians.

[Commentary continues below.]

57So We expelled them from gardens springs

58And treasures and every kind of honorable position;

59Thus it was but We made the Children of Israel inheritors of such things.

60So they pursued them at sunrise.

61And when the two bodies saw each other the people of Moses said: “We are sure to be overtaken.”

62He said: “By no means! my Lord is with me! Soon will He guide me!

63Then We told Moses by inspiration: “Strike the sea with your rod.” So it divided and each separate part become like the huge firm mass of a mountain.

64And We made the other party approach thither.

65And We delivered Moses and all who were with him;

66But We drowned the others.

57Fa akrajnahum min jannatiw wauyun

58Wa kunuziw wa maqamin karim

59Kazalik wa auratnaha bani Israil

60Fa atbauhum musriqin

61Falam ma tara al jamani qala ashabu Musa in na lamudraku

62Qala kal la in na maiya rab bi sayahdin

63Fa auhaina ila Musa anidrib biasakal bar fanfalaqa fa kana kul lu firwin kat taudil azim

64Wa azlafna sam mal aharin

65Wa anjaina Musa wa mam maahu ajmain

66Summa agraqnal aharin

[Commentary continues below.]

67Verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

68And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

69And rehearse to them Abraham’s story.

70Behold, he said to his father and his people: “What do you worship?”

71They said: “We worship idols and we remain constantly in attendance on them.”5

72He said: “Do they listen to you when ye call?

73“Or do you good or harm?”

74They said: “Nay, but we found our fathers doing thus.”

75He said: “Do you then see whom you have been worshiping?”

76“You and your fathers before you?”

77“For they are enemies to me; not so the Lord of the worlds;

67Inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksarahum muminin

68Wa inna rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

69Watlu alaihim naba a Ibrahim

70Iz qala li abihi wa qaumihi ma tabudun

71Qalu nabudu asnaman fan azalu laha akifin

72Qala hal yasmaunakum iz tadun

73Au yanfaunakum au yadur run

74Qalu bal wajadna aba ana kazalika yafalun

75Qala afara aitum ma kuntum tabudun

76Antum wa aba ukumul aqdamun

77Fa in nahum aduw wul li il la rabbal alamin

5. The difference in the Qur’anic references to stories is that it adds to it as it goes, therefore, each time a story is told, something completely different is seen. Whereas aside of the Synoptic Gospels which gives different sides to the story of the life and ministry of Jesus, all others are systematic. If any mention is made of a Patriarch or other personalities of the Bible most often they are quotation from their stories and not an entirely new story as we read in the Qur’an.106 Behold their brother Noah said to them: “Will ye not fear Allah?

[Commentary continues below.]

78“Who created me and it is He who guides me;

79“Who gives me food and drink.

80“And when I am ill, it is He who cures me.

81“Who will cause me to die and then to live again.

82“And who I hope will forgive me my faults on the day of judgment.

83O my Lord! bestow wisdom on me and join me with the righteous;

84“Grant me honorable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest generations;

85“Make me one of the inheritors of the garden of bliss.

86“Forgive my father for that he is among those astray.

87“And let me not be in disgrace on the day when men will be raised up.

88The day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail.

78Al lazi halaqani fahuwa yahdin

79Wal lazi huwa yutimuni wa yasqin

80Wa iza maridtu fahuwa yasfin

81Wal lazi yumituni sum ma yuhyin

82Wal lazi atmau ayyagfira li hati ati yaumad din

83Rabbi hab li hukmaw wa alhiqni bis salihin

84Wajal li lisana sidqin fil akhirin

85Wajalni miw warasati jan natin naim

86Wagfir li abi innahu kana minad dal lin

87Wa la tuhzini yauma yubasun

88Yauma la yanfau maluw wa la banun

[Commentary continues below.]

89“But only he will prosper that brings to Allah a sound heart.

90“And to the righteous the garden will be brought near.

91“And to those straying in evil the fire will be placed in full view.

92“And it shall be said to them: `Where are the gods you worshiped;

93Besides Allah?” Can they help you or help themselves?’

94“Then they will be thrown headlong into the fire, they and those straying in evil.

95“And the whole hosts of Iblis together.

96“They will say there in their mutual bickerings:

97“By Allah we were truly in an error manifest.”

98“When we held you as equals with the Lord of the worlds;

99“And our seducers were only those who were steeped in guilt.

100“Now then we have none to intercede for us.”

89Il la man atal laha biqalbin salim

90Wa uzlifatil jan natu lilmut taqin

91Wa bur rizatil jahimu lilgawin

92Wa qila lahum ainama kuntum tabudun

93Min dunil lah hal yansurunakum au yantasirun

94Fakubkibu fiha hum wal gawun

95Wa junudu iblisa ajmaun

96Qalu wa hum fiha yahtasimun

97Tal lahi in kun na lafi dalalim mubin

98Iz nusaw wikum birab bil alamin

99Wa ma adal lana il lal mujrimun

100Fama lana min safiin

[Commentary continues below.]

101“And not a single friend to feel for us.”

102“Now if we only had a chance of return we shall truly be of those who believe!’ “

103Verily, in this is a sign but most of them do not believe.

104And verily, the Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

105The people of Noah rejected the apostles.

106Behold, their brother Noah said to them: “Will you not fear Allah?

107“I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust:

108“So fear Allah and obey me.

109“And no reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the worlds:

110“So fear Allah and obey me.”

111They said: “Shall we believe in you when it is the meanest that follow you?”

101Wa la sadiqin hamim

102Falau an na lana kar ratan fanakuna minal muminin

103Inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

104Wa in na Rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

105Kaz zabat qaumu Nuhinil mursalin

106Iz qala lahum akhuhum Nuhun ala tat taqun

107In ni lakum rasulun amin

108Fat taqul laha wa atiun

109Wa ma as alukum alaihi min ajr in ajriya illa ala rabbil alamin

110Fat taqul laha wa atiun

111Qalu anuminu laka wat tabaakal arzalun

[Commentary continues below.]

112He said: “And what do I know as to what they do?

113“Their account is only with my Lord if ye could understand.

114“And I am not one to drive away those who believe.”

115“I am sent only to warn plainly in public.”

116They said: “If you desist not, O Noah! You shall be stoned to death.”

117He said: “O my Lord! truly my people have rejected me.

118“Judge then between me and them openly and deliver me and those of the believers who are with me.”6

119So we delivered him and those with him in the Ark filled with all creatures.

120Thereafter We drowned those who remained behind.

112Qala wa ma ilmi bima kanu yamalun

113In hisabuhum il la ala rabbi lau tasurun

114Wa ma ana bitharidil muminin

115In ana illa nazirum mubin

116Qalu la il lam tantahi yanuhu la takunan na minal marjumin

117Qala Rabbi in na qaumi kaz zabun

118Faftah baini wa bainahum fat hawa naj jini wa mam maiya minal muminin

119Fa anjainahu wa mam maahu fil fulkil masun

120Summa agraqna badul baqin

6. Who were those with Noah besides his wife and three sons and their wives. Therefore, in all, there were eight people, four men and four women. Beside this number, there is no further mention of any others who believed and became part of Noah’s group.

[Commentary continues below.]

121Verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

122And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

123The people of Ad rejected the apostles.

124Behold their brother Hud said to them: “Will you not fear Allah?

125“I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust.

126“So fear Allah and obey me.

127“No reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the worlds.

128“Do ye build a landmark on every high place to amuse yourselves?

129“And do you get for yourselves fine buildings in the hope of living therein forever?

130“And when you exert your strong hand do you do it like men of absolute power?

131“Now fear Allah and obey me.

121Inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

122Wa in na rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

123Kaz zabat Adunil mursalin

124Iz qala lahum ahuhum hudun ala tat taqun

125Inni lakum rasulun amin

126Fat taqul laha wa atiun

127Wa ma as alukum alaihi min ajr in ajriya ila ala rabbil alamin

128Atabnuna bikul li riin ayatan tabasun

129Wa tat tahizuna masania laal lakum tahludun

130Wa iza batastum batastum jabarin

131Fat taqul laha wa atiun

[Commentary continues below.]

132“Yea, fear Him who has bestowed on you freely all that you know.

133“Freely has He bestowed on you cattle and sons.

134And gardens and springs.

135“Truly, I fear for you the penalty of a great day.”

136They said: “It is the same to us whether you admonish us or be not among our admonishers!

137“This is no other than a customary device of the ancients.

138“And we are not the ones to receive pains and penalties!”

139So they rejected him and We destroyed them, verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

140And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

141The people of Thamud rejected the apostles.

132Wat taqul lazi amad dakum bima tamalun

133Amad dakum bi an amiw wa banin

134Wa jan natiw wa uyun

135In ni akhafu alaikum azaba yaumin azim

136Qalu sawa un alaina awa azta am lam takum minal waizin

137In haza il la huluqul aw walin

138Wa ma nahnu bimuaz zabin

139Fakaz zabuhu fa ahlaknahum inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

140Wa inna rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

141Kaz zabat Samudul mursalin

[Commentary continues below.]

142Behold their brother Salih said to them: “Will you fear Allah?

143“I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust.

144“So fear Allah and obey me.

145“And no reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the worlds.

146“Will you be left secure in the enjoyment of all that you have here?

147“Gardens and springs.

148“And cornfields and date palms with spathes near breaking?

149“And you carve house out of mountains with great skill.

150“But fear Allah and obey me;

151“And follow not the bidding of those who are extravagant

152“Who make mischief in the land and mend not.”

142Iz qala lahum ahuhum Salihun ala tat taqun

143Inni lakum rasulun amin

144Fat taqul laha wa atiun

145Wa ma as alukum alaihi min ajr in ajriya il la ala Rabbil alamin

146Atutrakuna fi ma hahuna aminin

147Fi jan natiw wa uyun

148Wa zuruiw wa nahlin taluha hadim

149Wa tanhituna minal jibali buyutan farihin

150Fat taqul laha wa qtiun

151Wa la tutiu amral musrifin

152Al lazina yufsiduna fil ardi wa la yuslihun

[Commentary continues below.]

153They said: “You are only of those bewitched!

154“You are no more than a mortal like us: then bring us a sign if you tell the truth!”

155He said: “Here is a she camel: she has a right of watering and you have a right of watering on a day appointed.

156“And touch her not with harm lest the penalty of a great day seize you.”

157But they hamstrung her: then did they become full of regrets.

158But the penalty seized them. Verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

159And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

160The people of Lut rejected the apostles.

161Behold their brother Lut said to them: “Will you not fear Allah?

153Qalu innama anta minal musaharin

154Ma anta il la basarum mitluna fati bi ayatin in kunta minas sadiqin

155Qala hazihi naqatul laha sirbuw wa lakum sirbu yaumim malum

156Wa la tamas suha bisu in fayahuzakum azabu yaumin azim

157Faaqaruha fa asbahu nadimin

158Fa akhazahumul azab inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

159Wa in na rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

160Kaz zabat qaumu Lutinil mursalin

161Iz qala lahum ahuhum Lutun ala tat taqun

[Commentary continues below.]

162“I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust.

163“So fear Allah and obey me.

164“And no reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the worlds.

165“Of all the creatures in the world will you approach males?”

166“And leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your mates? Nay, you are a people transgressing all limits!”

167They said: “If you desist not, O Lot! you will assuredly be cast out!”

168He said: “I do detest your doings.”

169“O my Lord! deliver me and my family from such things as they do!”

170So We delivered him and his family.

171Except an old woman who lingered behind.

162Inni lakum rasulun amin

163Fat taqul laha wa atiun

164Wa ma as alukum alaihi min ajr in ajriya il la ala rabbil alamin

165Atatunaz zukrana minal alamin

166Wa tazaruna ma halaqa lakum rab bukum min azwajikum bal antum qaumun adun

167Qalu la il lam tantahi yaLutu latakunan na minal muhrajin

168Qala inni liamalikum minal qalin

169Rab bi naj jini wa ahli mim ma yamalun

170Fanaj jainahu wa ahlahu ajmain

171Illa ajuzan fil gabirin

[Commentary continues below.]

172But the rest We destroyed utterly.

173And We rained down on them a shower of brimstone: and evil was the shower on those who were admonished but heeded not!

174Verily, in this is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

175And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

176The companions of the Wood rejected the apostles.

177Behold Shuaib said to them: “Will you not fear Allah?

178“I am to you an apostle worthy of all trust.

179“So fear Allah and obey me.

180“And no reward do I ask of you for it: my reward is only from the Lord of the worlds.

181“Give just measure and cause no loss to others by fraud.

172Summa dam mamal aharin

173Wa mtama alaihim matara fasa a matarul munzarin

174Inna fi zalika la ayah wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

175Wa inna rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

176Kaz zaba ashabul aikatil mursalin

177Iz qala lahum suaibun ala tat taqun

178Inni lakum rasulun amin

179Fat taqul laha wa atiun

180Wa ma as alukum alaihi min ajr in ajriya illa ala rabbil alamin

181Auful kaila wa la takunu minal muhsirin

[Commentary continues below.]

182“And weigh with scales true and upright.

183“And withhold not things justly due to men nor do evil in the land working mischief.

184“And fear Him who created you and the generations before.

185They said: “You are only one of those bewitched!

186“You are no more than a mortal like us and indeed we think you are a liar!

187“Now cause a piece of the sky to fall on us if you are truthful!”

188He said: “My Lord knows best what you do.”

189But they rejected him. Then the punishment of a day of overshadowing gloom seized them and that was the penalty of a great day.

182Wa zinu bil qistasil mustaqim

183Wa la tabhasun nasa asya ahum wa la tasau fi ardi mufsidin

184Wat taqul lazi halaqakum wal jibilatal aw walin

185Qalu innama anta minal musaharin

186Wa ma anta il la basarum mitsluna wa in nazun nuka laminal kazibin

187Fa asqit alaina kisalam minas samai in kunta minas sadiqin

188Qala rabbi alamu bima tamalun

189Fakaz zabuhu fa ahazahum azabu yaumiz zul lah in nahu kana azaba yaumin azim

[Commentary continues below.]

190Verily, in that is a sign: but most of them do not believe.

191And verily, your Lord is He, the exalted in might, most merciful.

192Verily, this is a revelation from the Lord of the worlds:

193With it came down the Spirit of faith and truth.

194To your heart and mind that you may admonish.

195In the perspicuous Arabic tongue.

196And without doubt it is in the mystic books of former peoples.

197Is it not a sign to them that the learned of the Children of Israel knew it?

198And had We revealed it to any of the non Arabs.

199And had he recited it to them they would not have believed in it.

200Thus have We caused it to enter the hearts of the sinners.

190Inna fi zalika la ayatan wa ma kana aksaruhum muminin

191Wa inna rabbaka lahuwal azizur rahim

192Wa innahu latanzilu rabbil alamin

193Nazala bihir ruhul amin

194Ala qalbika litakuna minal munzirin

195Bilisanin arabiy yim mubin

196Wa in nahu lafi zuburil aw walin

197Awalam yakul lahum ayatan ay yalamahu ulama u bani Israil

198Wa lau naz zalnahu ala badil ajamin

199Faqara ahu alaihim ma kanu bihi muminin

200Kazalika salaknahu fi qulubil mujrimin

[Commentary continues below.]

201They will not believe in it until they see the grievous penalty;

202But the penalty will come to them of a sudden while they perceive it not;

203Then they will say: “Shall we be respited?”

204Do they then ask for Our penalty to be hastened on?

205Do you see? If We do let them enjoy this life for a few years

206Yet there comes to them at length the punishment which they were promised!

207It will profit them not that they enjoyed this life!

208Never did We destroy a population but had its warners

209By way of reminder; and We never are unjust.

210No evil ones have brought down this:

211And it would neither suit them nor would they be able.

201La yuminuna bihi hat ta yarawul azabal alim

202Fayatiyahum bagtataw wa hum la yasurun

203Fayaqulu hal nahnu munzarun

204Afabiazabina yastajilun

205Afara aita im mat tanahum sinin

206Summa ja ahum ma kanu yuadun

207Ma agna anhum ma kanu yumat taun

208Wa ma ahlakna min qaryatin il la laha munzirun

209Zikra wa ma kun na zalimin

210Wa ma tanaz zalat bihis sayatin

211Wa ma yan bagi lahum wa ma yastatiun

[Commentary continues below.]

212Indeed they have been removed far from even a chance of hearing it.

213So call not on any other god with Allah or you will be among those under the penalty.

214And admonish your nearest kinsmen.7

215And lower your wing to the believers who follow you.8

216Then if they disobey you say: “I am free of what you do!”9

217And put your trust on the exalted in might, the merciful

218Who sees you standing forth.

219And your movements among those who prostrate themselves.

220For it is He who hears and knows all things.

221Shall I inform you on whom it is that the evil ones descend?

222They descend on every lying wicked person

212Innahum anis sami lamazulun

213Fala tadu maal lahi ilahan akhra fatakuna minal muaz zabin

214Wa anzir asiratakal aqrabin

215Wahfid janahaka limanit tabaaka minal muminin

216Fa in ashauka faqul inni bari ummim ma tamalun

217Wa tawak kal alal azizir rahim

218Al lazi yaraka hina taqum

219Wa taqal lubaka fis sajidin

220Innahu huwas samiul alim

221Hal unab bi ukum ala man tanaz zalus sayatin

222Tanaz zalu ala kuli af fakin asim

7. When Muhammad received this verse, he had no assurance for any of his family members regarding their salvation. Not even a verse that may be helpful towards their salvation. All he could offer them was of his worldly belongings. According to Sahih Muslim Hadith’s 401 narrated by Aisha;

When this verse was revealed: “And warn thy nearest kindred,” the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stood up on Safa’ and said: O Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad, O Safiyyah, daughter of Abdul Muttalib, O son of Abdul Muttalib, I have nothing which can avail you against Allah; you may ask me what you want of my worldly belongings.

8. Furthermore Allah told him to be gentle and tenderhearted towards the believers. When Jesus knew His time was near He told His disciples:

"Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me. There are many rooms in my Father's house. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going away to prepare a place for you? And if I am going away to

prepare a place for you, I will come again and will welcome you into my presence, so that you may be where I am. You know where I am going, and you know the way."

Later after the Apostle Paul had labored and near the end of his time, he could say with certainty in 2 Timothy 4:6‑8;

For I am already being poured out as an offering, and the time for my departure has come. I have fought the good fight. I have completed the race. I have kept the faith. The victor's crown of righteousness is now waiting for me, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who eagerly wait for his appearing.

Muhammad, on the other hand, was told to say that he does not know what will be done with him in the hereafter (Qur’an 46:9).

9. A True Prophet is one who is willing to die for his flock. He assumes responsibility for the actions of his followers and makes the appropriate intercession for them. Moses could argue with God on behalf of the obstinate and rebellious Jews that God should forgive them their sins or erase his name from the Book of life. Exodus 32:32: But now, if you will forgive their sin--but if not, please blot me out of your book that you have written.Ultimately, every soul bears his or her own responsibility. But it is always good to know that your leader is willing to die for you. Jesus laid down His life for us.

223They pour hearsay, vanities, and most of them are liars.

224And the poets, it is those straying in evil who follow them:

225Do you not see that they wander distracted in every valley?

226And that they say what they practice not?

227Except those who believe work righteousness engage much in the remembrance of Allah and defend themselves only after they are unjustly attacked. And soon will the unjust assailants know what vicissitudes their affairs will take!

223Yulqunas sama wa aksaruhum kazibun

224Was suarau yat tabi uhumul gawun

225Alam tara annahum fi kulli wadiy yahimun

226Wa annahum yaquluna ma la yafalun

227Illal lazina amanu wa amilus salihati wa zakarul laha katsiraw wantasaru min badi ma zulimu wa sayalamul lazina zalamu ayya mun qalabiy yanqalibun

 

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